Jing Xiao received her Ph.D. degree in Computer, Information, and Control Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. She is the Deans' Excellence Professor, William B. Smith Distinguished Fellow in Robotics Engineering, and Professor and Head of the new Robotics Engineering Department. Before July 1, 2020, she was the Director of the Robotics Engineering Program and a Professor of Computer Science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI). She joined WPI from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

Her research spans robotics, haptics, and intelligent systems. She has co-authored a monograph, holds one patent, and published extensively in major robotics journals, conferences, and books. She is the recipient of the 2015 Faculty Outstanding Research Award of the College of Computing and Informatics, University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Jing Xiao was named among 25 Women in Robotics You Need to Know About in 2015. Prof. Xiao is an IEEE Fellow.

Jing Xiao served as the Program Director of the NSF Robotics and Human Augmentation Program (8/1998-12/2000). Since 2013, Jing Xiao has been the Site Director of the National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center on Robots and Sensors for the Human Well-being (NSF I/UCRC ROSEHUB).

Jing Xiao is an elected member of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS) Administrative Committee (AdCom) for three years (2018-20). She also served as the IEEE RAS Vice President for Member Activities for two terms (2014-2017) and AdCom members in two previous terms (1999-2001, 2009-11). Jing Xiao has served in leadership roles in many premier IEEE RAS conferences over the years. She received the 2016 IEEE RAS Distinguished Service Award. She recently received the 2022 IEEE RAS George Saridis Leadership Award in Robotics and Automation.

Jing Xiao is the general chair for the 2018 International Symposium on Experimental Robotics. She also served as an Area Chair of the Conference Robotics: Science and Systems in 2014 (RSS 2014) and was an Area Chair in RSS 2006 and RSS 2007. Jing Xiao is on the Editorial Board of Advanced Robotics. She is also on the Technical Activities Board of the International Foundation of Robotics Research (IFRR) and Steering Committee of the International Symposium on Experimental Robotics.