The Euraxess protal provides access to a wealth of information on funding opportunities for research (at all levels) in Europe. Country-specific information can be found here.
The full presentation from the engineering faculty meeting contains more detailed information on several programs with Germany.
Another interesting upcoming event is the European Career Fair, in Boston around February 24.
Finally, US Citizens should also look into the U.S. Fulbright Scholar program, with country-specific information available here.