Intelligent Tutoring Systems Educational Data Mining Human-Computer Interaction Gaming the System
Ryan Shaun Joazeiro de Baker         rsbaker@wpi.edu

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MOST CITED PAPERS

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Wagner, A.Z. (2004) Off-Task Behavior in the Cognitive Tutor Classroom: When Students "Game The System". Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004: Computer-Human Interaction, 383-390. [pdf] (176 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) Detecting Student Misuse of Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 531-540. [pdf] (155 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Evenson, S.E., Roll, I., Wagner, A.Z., Naim, M., Raspat, J., Baker, D.J., Beck, J. (2006) Adapting to When Students Game an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 392-401. [Won Best Paper Award] [pdf] (77 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Yacef, K. (2009) The State of Educational Data Mining in 2009: A Review and Future Visions. Journal of Educational Data Mining, 1 (1), 3-17. [pdf] (74 citations as of 6/30/12)

JOURNAL PAPERS

Sao Pedro, M.A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Montalvo, O. Nakama, A. (in press) Leveraging Machine-Learned Detectors of Systematic Inquiry Behavior to Estimate and Predict Transfer of Inquiry Skill. To appear in User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction. [preprint draft pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., Agapito, J., Nabos, J., Repalam, M.C., Reyes, S.S., San Pedro, M.C.Z. (in press) The Effects of an Interactive Software Agent on Student Affective Dynamics while Using an Intelligent Tutoring System. To appear in IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing. [preprint draft pdf]

Desmarais, M.C., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2012) A Review of Recent Advances in Learner and Skill Modeling in Intelligent Learning Environments. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 22 (1-2), 9-38.[preprint draft pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Goldstein, A.B., Heffernan, N.T. (2011) Detecting Learning Moment-by-Moment. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 21 (1-2), 5-25. [preprint draft pdf]

Pardos, Z.A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S.M., Heffernan, N.T. (2011) The Sum is Greater than the Parts: Ensembling Models of Student Knowledge in Educational Software. SIGKDD Explorations, 13 (2), 37-44. [preprint draft pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Comparing Learners' Affect While Using an Intelligent Tutor and an Educational Game. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 6 (1), 43-66. [preprint draft pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Gaming the System: A Retrospective Look. Philippine Computing Journal, 6 (2), 9-13. [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Isotani, S., de Carvalho, A. (2011) Minera¡ç¡ão de Dados Educacionais: Oportunidades para o Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Inform¡ática na Educa¡ç¡ão.[preprint draft pdf], 19 (2), 3-13

Baker, D.J., Baker, R.S.J.d., Uhing, B. (2011) Content of Instruction for Transition-age Youth with Disabilities: A Brief Report. National Association for the Dually Diagnosed (NADD) Bulletin, 14 (5), 89-94.

Baker, R.S.J.d., D'Mello, S.K., Rodrigo, M.M.T., Graesser, A.C. (2010) Better to Be Frustrated than Bored: The Incidence, Persistence, and Impact of Learners' Cognitive-Affective States during Interactions with Three Different Computer-Based Learning Environments. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 68 (4), 223-241. [preprint draft pdf] (58 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Yacef, K. (2009) The State of Educational Data Mining in 2009: A Review and Future Visions. Journal of Educational Data Mining, 1 (1), 3-17. [pdf] (74 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Roll, I., Koedinger, K.R. (2008) Developing a Generalizable Detector of When Students Game the System. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 18, 3, 287-314. [official pdf] [pdf] (53 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R., Walonoski, J., Heffernan, N., Roll, I., Corbett, A., Koedinger, K. (2008) Why Students Engage in "Gaming the System" Behavior in Interactive Learning Environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 19 (2), 185-224. [pdf] (49 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2007) The Difficulty Factors Approach to the Design of Lessons in Intelligent Tutor Curricula. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 17 (4), 341-369. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2006) Responding to Problem Behaviors in Cognitive Tutors: Towards Educational Systems Which Support All Students. National Association for the Dually Diagnosed (NADD) Bulletin, 9 (4), 70-75. [pdf]

Tamassia R., Goodrich M.T., Vismara L., Handy M., Cohen R., Hudson B., Baker, R.S., Gelfand, N., Shubina G., Brandes U. (2001) JDSL: The Data Structures Library in Java. Dr. Dobb's Journal and Sourcebook, April 2001, 21-33.

BOOK CHAPTERS

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Roll, I., Koedinger, K.R., Aleven, V., Cocea, M., Hershkovitz, A., de Carvalho, A.M.J.B., Mitrovic, A., Mathews, M. (accepted) Modeling and Studying Gaming the System with Educational Data Mining. To appear in Azevedo, R., & Aleven, V. (Eds.) International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies. New York, NY: Springer.

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Comparing the Incidence and Persistence of Learners' Affect During Interactions with Different Educational Software Packages. Calvo, R.A., & D'Mello, S. (Eds.) New Perspectives on Affect and Learning Technologies, pp. 183-202. New York, NY: Springer.

Koedinger, K.R., Baker, R.S.J.d., Cunningham, K., Skogsholm, A., Leber, B., Stamper, J. (2010) A Data Repository for the EDM community: The PSLC DataShop. In Romero, C., Ventura, S., Pechenizkiy, M., Baker, R.S.J.d. (Eds.) Handbook of Educational Data Mining. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 43-56. (49 citations as of 6/30/12)

Romero, C., Ventura, S., Pechenizkiy, M., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2010) Introduction. In Romero, C., Ventura, S., Pechenizkiy, M., Baker, R.S.J.d. (Eds.) Handbook of Educational Data Mining. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 1-8.

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2010) Mining Data for Student Models. In Nkmabou, R., Mizoguchi, R., & Bourdeau, J. (Eds.) Advances in Intelligent Tutoring Systems, pp. 323-338. Secaucus, NJ: Springer. [draft pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2010) Data Mining for Education. In McGaw, B., Peterson, P., Baker, E. (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Education (3rd edition), vol. 7, pp. 112-118. Oxford, UK: Elsevier. [draft pdf]

Koedinger, K., Aleven, V., Roll, I., Baker, R. (2009) In vivo experiments on whether supporting metacognition in intelligent tutoring systems yields robust learning. Graesser, A., Hacker, D. (Eds.), Handbook of Metacognition in Education, 383-412.[draft pdf]

EDITED BOOKS

Romero, C., Ventura, S., Pechenizkiy, M., Baker, R.S.J.d. (Eds.) Handbook of Educational Data Mining. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP FULL PAPERS

Hershkovitz, A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Kauffman-Rogoff, Z., Wixon, M. (accepted) Student Attributes, Affective States, and Engagement in Science Inquiry Microworlds. To be presented at The European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI) SIG 20 Conference.

Sao Pedro, M., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J. (2012) Improving Construct Validity Yields Better Models of Systematic Inquiry, Even with Less Information. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP 2012),249-260. [Won James Chen Best Student Paper Award] [pdf]

Wixon, M., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Ocumpaugh, J., Bachmann, M. (2012) WTF? Detecting Students who are Conducting Inquiry Without Thinking Fastidiously. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP 2012), 286-298.[pdf]

Hershkovitz, A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Nakama, A. (2012) A Data-driven Path Model of Student Attributes, Affect, and Engagement in a Computer-based Science Inquiry Microworld. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Learning Sciences.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S., Corbett, A., Ocumpaugh, J. (2012) Towards Automatically Detecting Whether Student Learning is Shallow. Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 444-453. [Won Best Paper Award] [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S.M., Wixon, M., Kalka, J., Wagner, A.Z., Salvi, A., Aleven, V., Kusbit, G., Ocumpaugh, J., Rossi, L. (2012) Sensor-free automated detection of affect in a Cognitive Tutor for Algebra. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 126-133.[pdf]

Gowda, S., Pardos, Z., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2012) Content Learning Analysis Using the Moment-By-Moment Learning Detector. Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 434-443.[pdf]

Ogan, A., Walker, E., Baker, R.S.J.d., de Carvalho, A., Laurentino, T., Rebolledo-Mendez, G., Castro, M.J. (2012) Collaboration in Cognitive Tutor Use in Latin America: Field Study and Design Recommendations. Proceedings of ACM SIGCHI: Computer-Human Interaction, 1381-1390. [pdf]

Sao Pedro, M.A., Gobert, J., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2012) The Development and Transfer of Data Collection Inquiry Skills across Physical Science Microworlds. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference.[pdf] [Won Best Student Paper Award, AERA SIG-ATL]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S., Corbett, A.T. (2011) Towards predicting future transfer of learning. Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 23-30. [pdf] [Finalist for Best Paper Award]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S.M., Corbett, A.T. (2011) Automatically Detecting a Student's Preparation for Future Learning: Help Use is Key. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 179-188.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Moore, G., Wagner, A., Kalka, J., Karabinos, M., Ashe, C., Yaron, D. (2011) The Dynamics Between Student Affect and Behavior Occuring Outside of Educational Software. Proceedings of the 4th bi-annual International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction.[pdf]

Lee, D.M., Rodrigo, M.M., Baker, R.S.J.d., Sugay, J., Coronel, A. (2011) Exploring the Relationship Between Novice Programmer Confusion and Achievement. Proceedings of the 4th bi-annual International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction.[pdf]

San Pedro, M.O.C., Baker, R.S.J.d., Rodrigo, M.M. (2011) The Relationship between Carelessness and Affect in a Cognitive Tutor. Proceedings of the 4th bi-annual International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction.[pdf]

Gowda, S., Baker, R.S.J.d., Pardos, Z., Heffernan, N. (2011) The Sum is Greater than the Parts: Ensembling Student Knowledge Models in ASSISTments. Proceedings of the KDD 2011 Workshop on KDD in Educational Data.[pdf]

Corbett, A., MacLaren, B., Wagner, A., Kauffman, L., Mitchell, A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S.M. (2011) Preparing Students for Effective Explaining of Worked Examples in the Genetics Tutor. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 1476-1481.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Pardos, Z., Gowda, S., Nooraei, B., Heffernan, N. (2011) Ensembling Predictions of Student Knowledge within Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of 19th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization, 13-24.[pdf]

Pardos, Z. A., Gowda, S. M., Baker, R.S.J.d., Heffernan, N. T. (2011) Ensembling Predictions of Student Post-Test Scores for an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 189-198.[pdf]

Gowda, S.M., Rowe, J.P., Baker, R.S.J.d., Chi, M., Koedinger, K.R. (2011) Improving Models of Slipping, Guessing, and Moment-by-Moment Learning with Estimates of Skill Difficulty. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 199-208.[pdf]

Nooraei, B.B., Pardos, Z.A., Heffernan, N.T., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Less is More: Improving the Speed and Prediction Power of Knowledge Tracing by Using Less Data. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 101-109.[pdf]

San Pedro, M.O.C., Baker, R., Rodrigo, M.M. (2011) Detecting Carelessness through Contextual Estimation of Slip Probabilities among Students Using an Intelligent Tutor for Mathematics. Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 304-311.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Gowda, S.M., Wagner, A.Z., MacLaren, B.M., Kauffman, L.R., Mitchell, A.P., Giguere, S. (2010) Contextual Slip and Prediction of Student Performance After Use of an Intelligent Tutor. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization, 52-63. [pdf] [Finalist for Best Paper Award]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Mitrovic, A., Mathews, M. (2010) Detecting Gaming the System in Constraint-Based Tutors. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization, 267-278.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Goldstein, A.B., Heffernan, N.T. (2010) Detecting the Moment of Learning. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 25-34. [pdf] [People's Choice Award for Best Oral Presentation] [Finalist for Best Paper Award]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Gowda, S.M. (2010) An Analysis of the Differences in the Frequency of Students' Disengagement in Urban, Rural, and Suburban High Schools. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 11-20. [pdf]

Sao Pedro, M. A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Montalvo, O., Nakama, A., Gobert, J.D. (2010) Using Text Replay Tagging to Produce Detectors of Systematic Experimentation Behavior Patterns. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 181-190. [pdf]

Montalvo, O., Baker, R.S.J.d., Sao Pedro, M.A., Nakama, A., Gobert, J.D. (2010) Identifying Student' Inquiry Planning Using Machine Learning. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 141-150.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., de Carvalho, A.M.J.A., Raspat, J., Aleven, V., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2009) Educational Software Features that Encourage and Discourage "Gaming the System". Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 475-482. [corrected pdf] [erratum] [Honorable Mention for Best Paper Award]

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2009) Differences Between Intelligent Tutor Lessons, and the Choice to Go Off-Task. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 11-20. [pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2009) Coarse-Grained Detection of Student Frustration in an Introductory Programming Course. Proceedings of ICER 2009: the International Computing Education Workshop. [pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S., Jadud, M.C., Amarra, A.C.M., Dy, T., Espejo-Lahoz, M.B.V., Lim, S.A.L., Pascua, S.A.M.S., Sugay, J.O., Tabanao, E.S. (2009) Affective and Behavioral Predictors of Novice Programmer Achievement. Proceedings of the 14th ACM-SIGCSE Annual Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, 156-160. [pdf]

Prata, D.N., Baker, R.S.J.d., Costa, E., Rosé, C.P., Cui, Y., de Carvalho, A.M.J.B. (2009) Detecting and Understanding the Impact of Cognitive and Interpersonal Conflict in Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Environments. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 131-140. [pdf]

Cocea, M., Hershkovitz, A., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2009) The Impact of Off-task and Gaming Behaviors on Learning: Immediate or Aggregate? Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 507-514. [pdf]

Shute, V., Levy, R., Baker, R., Beck, J. (2009) Intelligent Educational Systems with Embedded Assessment to Support Learning: A Peek into the Future. Proceedings of the AIED2009 Workshop on Intelligent Educational Games.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Aleven, V. (2008) Improving Contextual Models of Guessing and Slipping with a Truncated Training Set.Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 67-76.[corrected pdf] [erratum]

Baker, R.S.J.d., de Carvalho, A. M. J. A. (2008) Labeling Student Behavior Faster and More Precisely with Text Replays. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 38-47.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Aleven, V. (2008) More Accurate Student Modeling Through Contextual Estimation of Slip and Guess Probabilities in Bayesian Knowledge Tracing. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 406-415. [corrected pdf] [erratum] (53 citations as of 6/30/12)

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., d'Mello, S., Gonzalez, M.C.T., Lagud, M.C.V., Lim, S.A.L., Macapanpan, A.F., Pascua, S.A.M.S., Santillano, J.Q., Sugay, J.O., Tep, S., Viehland, N.J.B. (2008) Comparing Learners' Affect While Using an Intelligent Tutoring Systems and a Simulation Problem Solving Game. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 40-49. [pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Anglo, E.A., Sugay, J.O., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2008) Use of Unsupervised Clustering to Characterize Learner Behaviors and Affective States while Using an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of International Conference on Computers in Education, 49-56.[pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Rebolledo-Mendez, G., Baker, R.S.J.d., du Boulay, B., Sugay, J.O., Lim, S.A.L., Espejo-Lahoz, M.B., Luckin, R. (2008) The Effects of Motivational Modeling on Affect in an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of International Conference on Computers in Education, 57-64.[pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Rodrigo, M.M.T., Xolocotzin, U.E. (2007) The Dynamics of Affective Transitions in Simulation Problem-Solving Environments. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction . [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Habgood, M.P.J., Ainsworth, S.E., Corbett, A.T. (2007) Modeling the Acquisition of Fluent Skill in Educational Action Games. Proceedings of User Modeling 2007, 17-26. [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2007) Modeling and Understanding Students' Off-Task Behavior in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of ACM CHI 2007: Computer-Human Interaction, 1059-1068. [Honorable Mention for Best Paper Award] [pdf] (41 citations as of 6/30/12)

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., Lagud, M.C.V., Lim, S.A.L., Macapanpan, A.F., Pascua, S.A.M.S., Santillano, J.Q., Sevilla, L.R.S., Sugay, J.O., Tep, S., Viehland, N.J.B. (2007) Affect and Usage Choices in Simulation Problem Solving Environments. Proceedings of Artificial Intelligence in Education 2007, 145-152. [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2007) Is Gaming the System State-or-Trait? Educational Data Mining Through the Multi-Contextual Application of a Validated Behavioral Model. Complete On-Line Proceedings of the Workshop on Data Mining for User Modeling at the 11th International Conference on User Modeling 2007, 76-80. [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Evenson, E., Roll, I., Wagner, A.Z., Naim, M., Raspat, J., Baker, D.J., Beck, J. (2006) Adapting to When Students Game an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 392-401. [Won Best Paper Award] [pdf] (77 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Roll, I. (2006) Generalizing Detection of Gaming the System Across a Tutoring Curriculum. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 402-411. [Finalist for Best Paper Award] [pdf]

Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Wagner, A.Z. (2006) Human Classification of Low-Fidelity Replays of Student Actions. Proceedings of the Educational Data Mining Workshop at the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 29-36. [pdf]

Roll, I., Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., Ryu, E., Baker, R.S.J.d., Koedinger, K.R. (2006) The Help Tutor: Does Metacognitive Feedback Improve Students' Help-Seeking Actions, Skills, and Learning? Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 360-369. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Roll, I., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2005) Do Performance Goals Lead Students to Game the System? Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED2005), 57-64. [Finalist for Best Paper Award] [pdf]

Fogarty, J., Baker, R., Hudson, S. (2005) Case Studies in the use of ROC Curve Analysis for Sensor-Based Estimates in Human Computer Interaction. Proceedings of Graphics Interface (GI 2005), 129-136. [pdf] (46 citations as of 6/30/12)

Roll, R., Baker, R., Aleven, V., McLaren, B., Koedinger, K. (2005) Modeling Students' Metacognitive Errors in Two Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of User Modeling 2005, 367-376. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) Detecting Student Misuse of Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 531-540. [pdf] (155 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) Learning to Distinguish Between Representations of Data: a Cognitive Tutor That Uses Contrasting Cases. Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, 58-65. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Wagner, A.Z. (2004) Off-Task Behavior in the Cognitive Tutor Classroom: When Students "Game The System". Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004: Computer-Human Interaction, 383-390. [pdf] (176 citations as of 6/30/12)

Baker R.S., Corbett A.T., Koedinger K.R., Schneider, M.P. (2003)A Formative Evaluation of a Tutor for Scatterplot Generation: Evidence on Difficulty Factors. Proceedings of the Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 107-115. [pdf]

Baker R.S., Corbett A.T., Koedinger K.R. (2002) The Resilience of Overgeneralization of Knowledge about Data Representations. Presented at American Educational Research Association Conference. [pdf]

Baker R.S., Corbett A.T., Koedinger K.R. (2001) Toward a Model of Learning Data Representations. Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 45-50 [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Boilen, M., Goodrich, M., Tamassia, R., and Stibel, B.A. (1999) Testers and Visualizers for Teaching Data Structures. 30th ACM SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 261-265. [pdf] (52 citations as of 6/30/12)

CONFERENCE POSTERS AND SHORT PAPERS

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., McLaren, B., Jayme, A., Dy, T. (2012) Development of a Workbench to Address the Educational Data Mining Bottleneck. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 152-155.[pdf]

Soriano, J.C.A., Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., Ogan, A., Walker, E., Castro, M.J., Genato, R., Fontaine, S., Belmontez, R. (2012) A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Effective HelpSeeking Behavior among Students Using an ITS for Math. Poster paper. Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 636-637.[pdf]

Roberge, D., Rojas, A., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2012) Does the Length of Time Off-Task Matter? Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge.[pdf]

Siemens, G., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2012) Learning Analytics and Educational Data Mining: Towards Communication and Collaboration. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge.[pdf]

Hershkovitz, A., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Wixon, M. (2011) Goal Orientation and Changes of Carelessness over Consecutive Trials in Science Inquiry. Poster paper. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, 315-316.[pdf]

Walker, E., Ogan, A., Baker, R.S.J.d., de Carvalho, A., Laurentino, T., Rebolledo-Mendez, G., Castro, M.J. (2011) Observations of Collaboration in Cognitive Tutor Use in Latin America. Poster paper. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 575-577.[pdf]

Stamper, J., Koedinger, K., Baker, R.S.J.d., Skogsholm, A., Leber, B., Demi, S., Yu, S., Spencer, D. (2011) Managing the Educational Dataset Lifecycle with Datashop. Poster paper. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 557-559.[pdf]

Hershkovitz, A., Wixon, M., Baker, R.S.J.d., Gobert, J., Sao Pedro, M. (2011) Carelessness and Goal Orientation in a Science Microworld. Poster paper. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 462-465.[pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., Nabos, J.Q. (2010) The Relationships Between Sequences of Affective States and Learner Achievements. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computers in Education.[pdf]

Rodrigo, M.M.T., Baker, R.S.J.d., Agapito, J., Nabos, J., Repalam, M.C., Reyes, S.S. (2010) Comparing Disengaged Behavior within a Cognitive Tutor in the USA and Philippines. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 263-265. [pdf]

Giguere, S., Beck, J., Baker, R. (2010) Modeling gaming using classic student modeling approaches. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 321-323.

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A., Koedinger, K., Roll, I. (2005) Detecting When Students Game The System, Across Tutor Subjects and Classroom Cohorts. Proceedings of User Modeling 2005, 220-224. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Wagner, A.Z., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) The Social Role of Technical Personnel in the Deployment of Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. (download technical report version)

Roll, I., Baker, R.S., Aleven, V., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) A Metacognitive ACT-R model of Students' Learning Strategies in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 854-856.

Roll, I., Baker, R.S., Aleven, V., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) What goals do students have when choosing the actions they perform? Proceedings of International Conference on Cognitive Modeling. [pdf].

Dabbish L.A., Baker R.S. (2003) Administrative Assistants as Interruption Mediators. ACM CHI: Computer-Human Interaction, 2003, 1020-1021.

WHITE PAPERS/OFFICIAL REPORTS

Siemens, G., Gasevic, D., Haythornthwaite, C., Dawson, S., Shum, S.B., Ferguson, R., Duval, E., Verbert, K., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Open Learning Analytics: an integrated & modularized platform: Proposal to design, implement and evaluate an open platform to integrate heterogeneous learning analytics techniques. Athabasca, Alberta, Canada: Society for Learning Analytics Research. [pdf]

Woolf, B.P., Shute, V., VanLehn, K., Burleson, W., King, J.L., Suthers, D., Bredeweg, B., Luckin, R., Baker, R.S.J.d., Tonkin, E. (2010) A Roadmap for Education Technology. Washington, DC: Computing Community Consortium.[pdf]

Woolf, B.P., Baker, R., Gianchandani, E.P. (2010) From Data to Knowledge to Action: Enabling Personalized Education. Washington, DC: Computing Community Consortium. [doc]

THESES

Baker, R.S. (2005) Designing Intelligent Tutors That Adapt to When Students Game the System. Doctoral Dissertation. CMU Technical Report CMU-HCII-05-104. [pdf]

Baker R.S. (2000) PILOT: An Interactive Tool For Learning and Grading. Senior Honors Thesis, Brown University. June, 2000. [pdf] Advisors: Roberto Tamassia , Thomas Dean.

OTHER DOCUMENTS

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011). Guessing and Learning. In N.M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 1397-1398). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011). Guessing Model. In N.M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 1398-1399). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Castro, M.J., Cárdenas, E.S., Ogan, A., Baker, R.S.J.d. (2011) Tutor Cognitivo y el incremento de aprendizaje en matemática. (Cognitive Tutors and Learning Gains in Mathematics). CIAEM 2011: XIII Conferencia Interamericana de Educación Matematica. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Wagner, A.Z., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) The Social Role of Technical Personnel in the Deployment of Intelligent Tutoring Systems. CMU Technical Report CMU-HCII-04-100, July 2004. [pdf]

Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2003) Statistical Techniques For Comparing ACT-R Models of Cognitive Performance. Proceedings of the 10th Annual ACT-R Workshop, 129-134. [pdf]

Baker R.S., Corbett A.T., Koedinger K.R. (2002) Distinct Errors Arising From a Single Misconception. Published as abstract, Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society Conference, 990. [pdf]

Baker R., Parberry I. (1996) Increasing Frame Rate In An Interactive Sprite Engine. Texas Academy of Science Conference. March, 1996. Published as abstract.

Quantitative Field Observation Motivational Modeling Interaction Design Psychometric Machine-Learned Models